Laparoscopy is an outpatient surgical procedure that is used to evaluate
a woman’s pelvis. Conditions, such as endometriosis, pelvic adhesions,
uterine fibroids, and tubal disease, may be diagnosed during this procedure.
Oftentimes, the physician is able to treat these problems during the
Patients undergoing laparoscopy will have general anesthesia. Once
you are asleep, a thin, lighted telescope-like viewing instrument is
inserted through the navel and abdominal wall, and your abdomen is filled
with carbon dioxide gas. This allows the physician to examine the female
reproductive organs and abdominal cavity. Additional small incisions
may be made above your pubic bone to allow the physician to move the
pelvic organs and perform any necessary surgical procedures. Major complications
of laparoscopy are rare, but include damage to the bowel, bladder or
blood vessels, infection, and allergic reaction to medications that
are used. The risk of death is extremely rare.