Transvaginal ultrasound, or sonography, is extremely useful in the
diagnosis and treatment of infertility. This technique is useful in
the evaluation of the pelvic structures, monitoring follicle growth,
and assessing ovulation.
A transvaginal ultrasound is often recommended early in your infertility
evaluation to assess you reproductive organs. Such abnormalities as
uterine fibroids, endometrial polyps, ovarian cysts, and endometriomas
can be visualized with sonography.
Transvaginal sonography is also useful in evaluating ovarian function.
The actual growth and development of the ovarian follicles (egg sacs)
can be observed prior to ovulation, and the collapse of the follicle(s)
can be observed with daily ultrasounds. In addition, the thickening
of the endometrium can also be monitored.